Our Publications

Since its founding in 1905, The Champlain Society has sought to make available significant and interesting documents in Canadian history. At different times over the years, the Society has worked in cooperation first with the Hudson’s Bay Company and then the Ontario Government to produce series of volumes on themes of mutual interest. The Society’s publication program continues with the General Series, presenting key and often little-known documents on an aspect of the Canadian experience, edited and introduced by an expert in the field. Under the guidance of the Society’s General Editor, the series is an accessible, engaging, and informed source for the study of Canada.

Forthcoming Volume (2017)

“We harbor no evil design”: Rehabilitation Efforts after the Halifax Explosion of 1917

Edited by David A. Sutherland
General Series Number General Series Number LXXVIII

To mark the 100th anniversary of the 1917 Halifax Explosion, The Champlain Society is pleased to announce that this year’s forthcoming annual volume will feature key documents from the Papers from the Halifax Relief Commission. This volume, entitled “We harbor no evil design”: Rehabilitation Efforts after the Halifax Explosion of 1917, is expected to be published Fall 2017.

On 6 December 1917 disaster hit Halifax, Nova Scotia. A collision in the harbour set fire to a vessel laden with modern munitions, resulting in the most devastating explosion of the pre-atomic era. Approximately two thousand people died (about the same number as were killed in New York City’s 9/11 catastrophe), and much of Nova Scotia’s capital lay in ruins. Within hours an international relief effort was mobilized to provide survivors with medical aid, food, clothing and shelter.

Ottawa pledged financial support in the range of what today would be at least $300 million. The government also established the Halifax Relief Commission, a quasi-governmental authority endowed with sweeping authority to implement a long-term programme of reconstruction and rehabilitation that would, it was hoped, improve the quality of life for the people of Halifax and neighbouring Dartmouth.

This latest contribution to the publications of Canada’s Champlain Society explores the operations of the Commission’s Rehabilitation Department through the formative period, 1918-1919, when pioneer social workers from major cities in both Canada and the United States were recruited to set up an administrative structure that could provide disaster victims with assistance which supposedly was both efficient and equitable.

Inevitably, decision-making about who was most deserving and what form relief should take, became matters of controversy. An important feature of the case-file transcriptions that make up the bulk of this book is the extent to which they give voice to the common people of Halifax as they struggled to rebuild their often-shattered families and homes. Here readers will encounter a host of working-class women, some African-Canadian, who forged a complex relationship with the largely female front-line staff of the Relief Commission.

Scholarly opinion remains divided about the legacy left by the Halifax explosion. By bringing to light documents left behind by the Relief Commission, the 2017 Champlain Society Volume will deepen the understanding of the Haligonians whose lives were transformed by an unprecedented cataclysm. This volume is edited by David A. Sutherland of Halifax.

‘Do What You Must’: Selected Editorials from Le Devoir under Henri Bourassa, 1910–1932

Edited by Pierre Anctil; translated by Tonu Onu
General Series Number LXXVII

Le Devoir was founded in 1910 by Henri Bourassa (1868–1952), one of the foremost political minds of twentieth-century Canada. Grandson of Louis-Joseph Papineau and heir to a long tradition of community involvement, Bourassa was first elected to the House of Commons in 1896, just as Wilfrid Laurier was forming his first government. Disagreements over the part played by Canada in the Boer Wars, and the country’s uncritical allegiance to British imperialism, led Bourassa to leave the Liberal Party and openly promote his own ideas, centring on Canadian and French-Canadian nationalism. Very rapidly, Le Devoir became an influential French-language paper. Its popularity culminated in 1917, when Bourassa denounced conscription for service in Europe.

Based on a study of the 6,700 editorials published in Le Devoir during the Henri Bourassa years (1910–32), ‘Do What You Must’ seeks to outline the ideological positions defended by Bourassa as French-Canadian nationalism was emerging for the first time in full force. During these two decades, Le Devoir was instrumental in defining the place of French speakers in Canada and in spelling out their aspirations as a separate people within the federation. The book is an anthology of sixty of the most significant editorials, translated into English, each situated in its historical context by the editor. Examined together, the editorials offer a global picture of the evolution of French Canada at a crucial time in its history. They also paint a clear image of the tensions that emerged between Francophone and Anglophone Canada shortly after the signing of Confederation and at the turn of the twentieth century.

Pierre Anctil is professor of history at the University of Ottawa. He has published numerous works on the Jewish community of Montréal, Yiddish literature, and the history of immigration to Canada.

This book is only available to members.

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The collection contains 115 of the Champlain Society’s volumes (over 50,000 printed pages) dealing with exploration and discovery over three centuries. It includes first-hand accounts of Samuel de Champlain’s voyages in New France, the diary from Sir John Franklin’s first land expedition to the Arctic, 1819–22, plus many other fascinating stories.

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The Digital Collection is funded by the Government of Ontario