General Series


The Champlain Publications – General Series

General Series Published 1907-19

General Series Published 1920-39

General Series Published 1940-59

General Series Published 1960-79

General Series Published 1980-99

General Series Published 2000-Present

General Series Published 1907-19

Champlain I – The History of New France. Volume I (Publication date: 1907):

Author: Marc Lescarbot

Translator and editor: W.L. Grant

Introduction: H.P. Biggar

Histoire de la Nouvelle-France initially appeared in 1609. This third edition (1617-18) appears in English translation as well as the original French. Volume I contains Books I and II. Book I recounts the 1524 voyage for Francis I of Giovanni da Verrazzano to North America, and the tragic efforts of Jean Ribault, René Goulaine de Laudonnière, and Dominique de Gourges to establish a Huguenot colony in modern Florida in the 1560s. Book II is devoted to the failed effort by Nicolas Durand de Villegagnon to establish a French presence in Brazil in 1555.

Champlain II – The Description and Natural History of the Coasts of North America (Acadia) (Publication date: 1908):

Author: Nicolas Denys

Translator and editor: William F. Ganong

In spite of the title, Denys’ work was only concerned with Acadia, where he spent more than a half-century fishing, trading, and promoting settlement. In 1653 he purchased the rights to the coast and islands of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, from Cape Canso west to Cap des Rosiers on the Gaspé, a territory that included Cape Breton, Îles de la Madeleine, and Île Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island). Published in 1672 in two volumes as Description géographique et historique des costes de l’Amérique septentrionale: avec l’histoire naturelle du païs, “it abounds in every possible literary fault,” according to William F. Ganong. Nevertheless, it is one of the most important early French works on Canada.

Champlain III – Documents Relating to the Seigniorial Tenure in Canada, 1598-1854 (Publication date: 1908):

Editor: William Bennett Munro

In this volume, W.B. Munro stated in his Preface, “an endeavour is made to bring together some serviceable selections from the source material available” to allow the study of the seigniorial tenure system in Canada. Documents predating the 1760 conquest are transcribed without translation in their original French; those following 1760 are in English. Selections begin with the commission of the Sieur de La Roche in 1598 and conclude with the abolition of the system in 1854. Emphasis is on documents that trace the evolutionary stages of Canadian seignioralism.

Champlain IV – The Logs of the Conquest of Canada (Publication date: 1909):

Editor: Lt.-Colonel William Wood

“Nothing is drier than a ship’s log,” warned William Wood in the first sentence of his Preface. He then proceeded to make an excellent case for the importance of these records in the study of the English conquest of French Canada. The log texts were from the ten folio volumes of manuscript copies in the Dominion Archives in Ottawa. A lengthy introduction on the various campaigns forms Part I. Part II is devoted to logs from the captures of Louisburg, Quebec, and Montreal. Three charts and one plan were included in a pocket.

Champlain V – New Relation of Gaspesia, with the Customs and Religion of the Gaspesian Indians (Publication date: 1910):

Author: Father Chrestien Le Clercq

Translator and editor: William F. Ganong

An annotated translation is accompanied by a facsimile reproduction of the original edition of Nouvelle Relation de la Gaspésie, published in 1691. The author, Chrestien Le Clercq, was a Recollet priest who was appointed to the order’s revived mission in Canada in 1675. He was assigned to the Mi’kmaq of the Gaspé region and learned their language while ministering to them for twelve years. The work is considered vital to the study of the historic Mi’kmaq as well as to the history of the Recollet mission in Canada.

Champlain VI – A Journey from Prince of Wales’s Fort in Hudson’s Bay to the Northern Ocean in the Years 1769, 1770, 1771, and 1772 (Publication date: 1911):

Author: Samuel Hearne

Editor: J.B. Tyrrell

When the Champlain Society was formed in 1905, this work was placed on the shortlist of proposed publications. “This book, written with great literary charm,” stated Society president Sir Edmund Walker in the Preface, “is the first account preserved to us of an attempt to explore the interior of far-northern Canada from a base on Hudson Bay.” The book, published after Hearne’s early death, recounts his third, and successful, effort to find the fabled Coppermine River and reach its mouth on the Arctic Ocean.

Champlain VII – The History of New France. Volume II (Publication date: 1911):

Author: Marc Lescarbot

Translator and editor: W.L. Grant

Introduction: H.P. Biggar

Volume II contains Books III and IV of the original third edition. Book III recounts Jacques Cartier’s voyages of 1534 and 1535-36, his voyage of 1541-42, made under the aegis of the Sieur de Roberval, and the 1588 misfortunes of Jacques Noel and Chaton de la Jaunaye. It also includes Samuel de Champlain’s St. Lawrence visit of 1603, and the failed penal colony on Sable Island of Troilus de La Roche de Mesqouez, 1598-1603. In Book IV, Lescarbot began to create original history, as the leading figures were personally known to him because he had overwintered at the Port Royal settlement in 1606-07. Book IV is devoted to the 1603-07 exploits of Champlain, Pierre Du Gua de Monts, and Jean de Biencourt de Poutrincourt.

Champlain VIII – An Historical Journal of the Campaigns in North America for the Years 1757, 1758, 1759, and 1760. Volume I (Publication date: 1914):

Author: Captain John Knox

Editor: Arthur G. Doughty

Knox’s work holds special importance as a record of the military transactions connected with the English conquest of French Canada. Knox did not witness the siege of Louisburg (June-July 1758), but he was present on the Plains of Abraham for Wolfe’s defeat of Montcalm (September 13, 1759), at the Battle of Ste-Foy (April 28, 1760), and the capitulation of Montreal (September 8, 1760). The operation orders and other official documents he included in his Historical Journal, published in 1769, complement his personal observations. Volume I covers events between February 2, 1757, and July 31, 1759.

Champlain IX – An Historical Journal of the Campaigns in North America for the Years 1757, 1758, 1759, and 1760. Volume II (Publication date: 1914):

Author: Captain John Knox

Editor: Arthur G. Doughty

See Volume I for details. Volume II concerns events between August 1, 1759, and September 1760. It includes the Battle of the Plains of Abraham and the fall of Quebec, the Battle of Ste-Foy, and the events leading to the capitulation of Montreal.

Champlain X – Appendix to an Historical Journal of the Campaigns in North America for the Years 1757, 1758, 1759, and 1760. Volume III (Publication date: 1916):

Author: Captain John Knox

Editor: Arthur G. Doughty

See Volume I for details. Volume III is a compilation of documents relating to the campaigns covered in the previous volumes. Included are journals of Major-General Jeffery Amherst and Colonel William Amherst (1758-60), two letters from a French officer at Louisbourg, lists of British and French officers killed and wounded at Louisbourg and Quebec (1758-60), the private diary kept by Sir William Johnson at Niagara and Oswego (1759), the cartel regarding exchange of prisoners (1759), James Murray’s journal (May 18–September 17, 1760), and documents relating to an engagement between French and English ships in Baie des Chaleurs (1760).

Champlain XI – The History of New France. Volume III (Publication date: 1914):

Author: Marc Lescarbot

Translator and editor: W.L. Grant

Introduction: H.P. Biggar

This final volume in the Society’s bilingual treatment of Lescarbot’s Histoire de la Nouvelle France contains Book V and VI of the original third edition. In Book V Lescarbot addressed both Samuel de Champlain’s trade and colonization efforts on the St. Lawrence between 1608 and 1613 and the Sieur de Poutrincourt’s attempt to revive the Port Royal settlement, which ended with its destruction by the English in 1613. Book VI is devoted to “the Manners, Customs, and Fashion of Life of the Western Indians of New France.”

Champlain XII – David Thompson’s Narrative of His Explorations in Western America, 1784-1812 (Publication date: 1916):

Author: David Thompson

Editor: J.B. Tyrrell

Thompson wrote his Narrative at the end of his life, and died in obscurity. The Society’s publication marked the first time it appeared in print. Part I recounts Thompson’s life while employed by the Hudson’s Bay and North West Companies between 1784 and 1807, when he ranged the country between Lake Superior and Hudson Bay west to the Rockies. Part II details his time as a partner of the North West Company from 1807 to 1812, when Thompson was active in what are now Alberta, British Columbia, Montana, Idaho, and Washington.

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General Series Published 1920-39

Champlain XIII – Select British Documents of the Canadian War of 1812. Volume I (Publication date: 1920):

Editor: William Wood

This significant undertaking by the Society included 3,000 miles of travel by editor William Wood to visit the scenes of battle, and a delay in publication of two years to ensure that potential sources of documents were not overlooked. Volume I is devoted to a lengthy overview essay on the war, and to documents related to preparations for war and the 1812 campaigns under Major General Sir Isaac Brock.

Champlain XIV – Select British Documents of the Canadian War of 1812. Volume II (Publication date: 1923):

Editor: William Wood

Volume II assembles documents related to the operations on all frontiers in 1813.

Champlain XV – Select British Documents of the Canadian War of 1812. Volume III, Part I (Publication date: 1926):

Editor: William Wood

Volume III Part I assembles documents related to the operations on all frontiers in 1814, as well as the British counter-invasion of the United States and items related to the end of the war, 1814-15.

Champlain XVI – Journals and Letters of Pierre Gaultier de Varennes de La Verendrye and his Sons: With Correspondence between the Governors of Canada and the French Court, Touching the Search for the Western Sea (Publication date: 1927):

Author: Pierre Gaultier de Varennes de La Verendrye

Editor: Lawrence J. Burpee

Translator: W.D. LeSueur

A former soldier turned fur trader and explorer, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes de La Verendrye pressed the boundaries of New France and its fur trading operations west from Lake of the Woods into the prairies. While the quest to find a water route to the Pacific Ocean failed, the explorations of La Verendrye and his sons in the early eighteenth century covered enormous territory, including the Manitoba lakes complex, the Saskatchewan River, the Missouri River, and locations as distant as North Dakota and Wyoming. An English translation accompanies the original French text.

Champlain XVII – Select British Documents of the Canadian War of 1812. Volume III, Part II (Publication date: 1928):

Editor: William Wood

See Volume I for details. Volume III Part II is devoted to miscellaneous materials. They include the 1812-15 military journal of one of the Society’s founders, the Hon. W.H. Merritt, who was a prisoner of war. Other documents refer to Canadian regulars; Canadian militia; “independent foreigners”; Indians; pay and allowances; prize money; fuel, food, fatigue, and clothing; dress and ceremonial; women and children; honours; pensions; land grants; prisoners of war; and secret service. It includes the general index to all three volumes.

Champlain XVIII – Documents Relating to the Early History of Hudson Bay (Publication date: 1931):

Editor: J.B. Tyrrell

This volume is devoted to the conflict between France and England over rights to the possession and the trade of Hudson Bay, which ended in 1713 when the Treaty of Utrecht ceded the territory to England. French materials appear in translation. Contents include the journal of the Jesuit priest Antoine Silvy detailing a visit to Port Nelson in 1684-85; a letter by Jesuit missionary Pierre-Gabriel Marest recounting the French siege of York Fort in 1694 and the winter then spent at the Hayes River; a selection of chapters from Claude-Charles Bacqueville de la Potherie’s Histoire de l’Amerique Septentrionalle (c. 1716); and the last chapter of book I of The British Empire in America, by John Oldmixon, 1708.

Champlain XIX – John McLean’s Notes of a Twenty-five Year’s Service in the Hudson’s Bay Territory (Publication date: 1932):

Author: John McLean

Editor: W.S. Wallace

McLean’s career as a fur trader in the early nineteenth century with the Hudson’s Bay Company allowed him to gather first-hand observations in wide-ranging locations: to name a few, the Ottawa Valley, New Caledonia in what is now British Columbia, York Factory on Hudson Bay, the Labrador coast, and Great Slave Lake. The book was published repeatedly, and as late as 1849. The Society’s annotated edition made available once again an “eminently readable” account vital to the history of the fur trade and the country.

Champlain XX – Relation of the Voyage to Port Royal in Acadia or New France (Publication date: 1933):

Author: Sieur de Dièreville

Translator: Alice de Kessler Lusk Webster

Editor: John Clarence Webster

Sieur de Dièreville visited Acadia in 1699-1700 as a merchant’s representative before practising as a surgeon in Paris. He gathered samples of flora, wrote about the Acadian environment as well as its native peoples, and provided a detailed description of his sea passages. Published in 1708, the work is unusual in being composed in both verse and prose. “He notes the most trivial details of life in Acadia,” wrote editor J.C. Webster, “and his facile pen enables him to reproduce what he sees in a series of vivid pictures.” Includes the original French text.

Champlain XXI – Journals of Samuel Hearne and Philip Turnor (Publication date: 1934):

Author: Samuel Hearne, Philip Turnor

Editor: J.B. Tyrrell

Turnor taught surveying to Samuel Hearne, and this volume contains the entire contents of four of his own surveying journals, as well as four others written while Turnor was trading in the Moose River region, 1782-87. Hearne’s full journals from 1774 and 1775 relate his founding of Cumberland House on the Saskatchewan River. Other journals from the Hudson’s Bay Company archives that appear in whole or in part are by Peter Fidler, Malcolm Ross, Joseph Smith, and Mathew Cocking.

Champlain XXII – Documents Relating to the North West Company (Publication date: 1934):

Editor: W. Stewart Wallace

“The rise and fall of the North West Company is one of the most dramatic episodes in the economic history of North America,” wrote editor W. Stewart Wallace. Materials from Hudson’s Bay House in London, the Sulpician Library in Montreal, and other sources were compiled in an effort to redress the fragmentary state of sources on the great fur-trading rival to the HBC. Thirty-two documents range in date from 1772 to 1826. Includes a “Biographical Dictionary of the Nor’ Westers.”

Champlain XXIII – Travels in the Interior Inhabited Parts of North America in the Years 1791 and 1792 (Publication date: 1937):

Author: Patrick Campbell

Editors: H.H. Langton, W.F. Ganong

A head forester of the royal forest of Mamlorn in Scotland, Campbell came to North America in the summer of 1791 with a servant, a dog, and a gun to assess the settlements being promoted to Highland Scots immigrants. From Saint John, New Brunswick, Campbell ventured through New Brunswick, Quebec, and Upper Canada as far west as the Grand River settlement of loyalist Mohawks, where he was a guest of the war chief, Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea). Campbell returned to the Maritimes via upper New York State and by ship from New York City.

Champlain XXIV – The Hargrave Correspondence, 1821-1843 (Publication date: 1938):

Editor: G.P. de T. Glazebrook

These collected letters were written (almost exclusively) to James Hargrave, a Hudson’s Bay Company trader and factor who was employed initially by the North West Company, but from 1821 onwards by the HBC after the amalgamation of the rival firms under the HBC charter. They were written at company posts ranging from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Pacific, and from the southernmost limits of the Company’s territory to the Arctic Circle. “They form what is probably a unique chronicle of the north and west in the days before newspapers,” wrote editor George Parkin de Twenebroker Glazebrook in his Introduction.

Champlain XXV – The Long Journey to the Country of the Hurons (Publication date: 1939):

Author: Father Gabriel Sagard

Translator: H.H. Langton

Editor: George M. Wrong

Published in 1632 in two volumes, Le grand voyage du pays des Hurons recounted Recollet friar and missionary Gabriel Sagard’s journey to the Huron nation in 1623-24. The Society considers this bilingual edition the completion of a trilogy on the early history of the French in Canada, which it had begun with six volumes of Champlain’s Works and three volumes devoted to Marc Lescarbot’s Histoire de la Nouvelle France. Sagard had never before been translated into English.

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General Series Published 1940-59

Champlain XXVI – The Journal of Captain James Colnett Aboard the Argonaut from April 26, 1789, to Nov. 3, 1791 (Publication date: 1940):

Author: Captain James Colnett

Editor: Judge F.W. Howay

In the spring of 1789, Colnett departed Macao in command of a British trading fleet to establish a settlement at Nootka Sound in the Pacific Northwest. But Spain also claimed the territory, and Colnett’s Argonaut and another ship were seized on their arrival at Nootka. The ships were released by Spain on July 9, 1790. The Nootka Incident caused a serious diplomatic row, which was resolved when Spain conceded to the British the right to trade and navigate in the region. Long thought lost, the journal was recovered in the Public Record Office in 1935.

Champlain XXVII – Loyalist Narratives from Upper Canada (Publication date: 1946):

Editor: James J. Talman

With this volume, the Society determined to rectify the lack of accounts available to writers on the United Empire Loyalists. Twenty-five narratives and ten appendices were compiled, building on efforts in the 1850s to preserve accounts of these refugee settlers spurred north by the American Revolution.

Champlain XXVIII – The Letters of Letitia Hargrave (Publication date: 1947):

Author: Letitia Hargrave

Editor: Margaret Arnett MacLeod

The Society had published The Hargrave Correspondence, 1821-1843, in 1938, which consists of letters written to the HBC trader and factor James Hargrave during his career. This volume preserves seventy-two letters written between 1838 and 1852 by his wife, Letitia. Most are addressed to family members in Scotland and were written over a ten-year period, after she married Hargrave in 1840 and moved to York Factory on Hudson Bay, where her husband was chief trader. They provide a rare glimpse into a woman’s life in the fur trade in Rupert’s Land.

Champlain XXIX – The Diary of Simeon Perkins, 1766-1780 (Publication date: 1948):

Author: Simeon Perkins

Editor: Harold A. Innis

A voluminous and meticulous diarist, Perkins was a Connecticut Yankee who arrived in Liverpool, Nova Scotia, in 1762. He became a prominent citizen, and his widespread merchant activities included shipping, lumber, the fishery, and privateering. He was also a militia officer, public office holder, politician, and judge. This first of five volumes surveys the establishment of Liverpool, the outbreak of the American Revolution, and most notably its effects in American privateering, the arrival of troops, and the beginnings of Liverpool privateering.

Champlain XXX – The History of Canada or New France. Volume I (Publication date: 1951):

Author: Father Francois Du Creux

Translator: Percy J. Robinson

Editor: James B. Conacher

Historia Canadensis of 1664 was an official summary of the Jesuit Relations pertaining to the Canadian mission. As translator Percy J. Robinson explained, “the French Jesuits decided that the record of their Canadian missions, retold in Latin, the universal language of international intercourse, might appeal to a more cultivated circle of readers, and exert a greater influence.” The result, Du Creux’s Historia, “resembles a volume of letters rather than a planned history, and is to be read rather for its value as literature than as a candid account of an epoch.” Volume I (Books I-V) covers 1625 to 1644.

Champlain XXXI – The History of Canada or New France. Volume II (Publication date: 1952):

Author: Father Francois Du Creux

Translator: Percy J. Robinson

Editor: James B. Conacher

See Volume I for details. Volume II (Books VI-X) covers 1645 to 1656.

Champlain XXXII – The Walker Expedition to Quebec, 1711 (Publication date: 1953):

Author: Admiral Sir Hovenden Walker

Editor: Gerald S. Graham

A reprint of Admiral Hovenden Walker’s Journal (1720), with certain relevant documents, prepared under the joint auspices of the Navy Records Society and the Champlain Society. It tells the story of the conduct, and disastrous end by shipwreck, of an expedition intended to capture Quebec in 1711, during Queen’s Anne’s War. A fleet that included nine ships of war, two bomb vessels, and sixty transports carrying about 7,500 troops and marines left Boston on July 30, 1711. Seven transports and a storeship were wrecked on the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence; about 900 lives were lost. The assault was abandoned.

Champlain XXXIII – Dufferin-Carnarvon Correspondence, 1874-1878 (Publication date: 1955):

Authors: Frederick Temple Blackwood, Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert

Editors: C.W. de Kiewiet, F.H. Underhill

This volume contains personal correspondence between Frederick Temple Blackwood, Marquis of Dufferin and Ava, who was Canada’s Governor General from 1872 to 1878, and Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon, who was Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1874 to 1878. Despite being from different political camps (Lord Dufferin was a Liberal, Lord Carnarvon a Conservative) they were warm personal friends. Wrote the editors in their Introduction, “The letters throw light on two main subjects — the nature in the 1870s of the connection between imperial authority and colonial nation, and the domestic problems of federal government in the recently-established Dominion of Canada.”

Champlain XXXIV – Alexander Begg’s Red River Journal and Other Papers Relative to the Red River Resistance of 1869-1870 (Publication date: 1956):

Author: Alexander Begg

Editor: W.L. Morton

A writer and journalist born at Quebec, Begg went west as a businessman in 1867. He was present for the critical transfer of power in the North-West from the Hudson’s Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada. He wrote harshly of the behaviour and attitudes of Canadians towards the Métis. His journal was the foundation of opinions Begg made public in Dot It Down (1871), a fictional account of the Red River resistance, and in The Creation of Manitoba (1871), a history published under the pseudonym Justitia.

Champlain XXXV – Lord Selkirk’s Diary, 1803-1804: A Journal of His Travels in British North America and the Northeastern United States (Publication date: 1958):

Author: Thomas Douglas

Editor: Patrick C.T. White

After settling a group of Highland Scots on Prince Edward Island in the summer of 1803, Thomas Douglas, fifth Earl of Selkirk, embarked on a journey that made two circuits through the United States and the Canadas, along the way securing a 1,200-acre tract on Lake St. Clair for a second colony. His diary, which consists of notes and observations from a year’s intensive travel, “reflects to an extraordinary degree Selkirk’s preoccupation with the problems of settlement,” wrote editor Patrick C.T. White in his Introduction.

Champlain XXXVI – The Diary of Simeon Perkins, 1780-1789 (Publication date: 1958):

Author: Simeon Perkins

Editors: D.C. Harvey, C. Bruce Fergusson

The second of five volumes of the diary of this prominent resident of Liverpool, Nova Scotia, is “valued as a reflection of the social, economic and religious problems which he and his fellow-townsmen had to meet day by day,” wrote editor D.C. Harvey, who called the diaries “a sort of unofficial journal or unpublished newspaper, which reflects through the eyes of one man the way of life and the vicissitudes of an entire community, and its contact with the wider world beyond the horizon.”

Champlain XXXVII – Records of the Nile Voyageurs, 1884-1885: The Canadian Voyageur Contingent in the Gordon Relief Expedition (Publication date: 1959):

Editor: C.P. Stacey

In 1884, nearly 400 Canadian “voyageurs” were commanded by a Toronto alderman in an expedition to Egypt to relieve General Gordon at Khartoum. Lord Wolseley had requested such a force, inspired by his experience in command of the Red River expedition of 1870. While the men were non-combatants and it was not a formal military venture, it nevertheless represented an important step towards Canada’s later participation in the Boer War and First World War.

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General Series Published 1960-79

Champlain XXXVIII – The Canadian Journal of Lady Aberdeen, 1893-1898 (Publication date: 1960):

Author: Ishbel Gordon

Editor: John T. Saywell

When a nervous breakdown by Ishbel Gordon in 1889 led doctors to advise a long holiday, she traveled to Canada with her husband, John Hamilton Gordon, seventh Earl of Aberdeen. They chose to settle in Canada, “partly because of their interest in immigration as a solution to Britain’s social ills,” wrote editor John T. Saywell. Lord Aberdeen was then named Governor-General of Canada. One of the most important manuscripts related to Canada for the mid-1890s, Lady Aberdeen’s Journal casts considerable light on the many political, social, and economic problems faced by Canada in that decade.

Champlain XXXIX – The Diary of Simeon Perkins, 1790-1796 (Publication date: 1961):

Author: Simeon Perkins

Editor: Charles Bruce Fergusson

The Society’s five-volume treatment of the diaries of this prominent citizen of Liverpool, Nova Scotia, continues in this third volume. Editor Charles Bruce Fergusson noted the volume “is an illuminating chronicle not only of the life of a community, but also of the economic, social and political history of a region occupying a crucial position in the development of the Second British Empire.” The volume moves from the initial years of peace following the American Revolution to the early years of the war with Revolutionary France.

Champlain XL – David Thompson’s Narrative, 1784-1812 (Publication date: 1962):

Author: David Thompson

Editor: Richard Glover

This volume is a renewed examination of the writings of David Thompson, explorer and surveyor for the Hudson’s Bay and North West Companies, which had been the subject of a 1916 Society volume by editor J.B. Tyrrell. While Tyrrell’s work popularized the explorer and author, the volume suffered from “beatifications of a historical character,” according to editor Richard Glover. Glover was determined to “recognize facts which are damaging to the hagiographical myth that has long hidden the real man, and there should be no shirking the task of representing him as he really was.”

Champlain XLI – The Diary and Selected Papers of Chief Justice William Smith, 1784-1793. Volume I (Publication date: 1963):

Author: William Smith

Editor: L.F.S. Upton

The last two of Smith’s nine volumes of diaries were selected by the Society for publication. Smith left New York in 1783, at the end of the American Revolution in the company of Sir Guy Carleton, and would be named chief justice of Quebec in 1786. Volume I covers Smith’s time in London, with entries between January 24, 1784, to October 5, 1785. “Politically, the Diary is important for the way it illuminates a period of hesitation in British policy towards Canada, providing a wealth of information about personalities and influences behind the scenes,” wrote editor L.F.S. Upton.

Champlain XLII – The Diary and Selected Papers of Chief Justice William Smith, 1784-1793. Volume II(Publication date: 1965):

Author: William Smith

Editor: L.F.S. Upton

The main concerns of Smith’s life in London have already been established in the first volume of the Diary published in this series. The second volume sees the continuation and success of Smith’s search for office and compensation and the partial fulfillment of his hopes for the future of British North America. The Diary continues during his first few months in Quebec, and provides a first-hand account of the political divisions within the province. After the Diary ends, family and official papers take up the story to form the basis for an understanding of the closing years of Smith’s long career as a servant of the Crown.

Champlain XLIII – The Diary of Simeon Perkins, 1797-1803 (Publication date: 1967):

Author: Simeon Perkins

Editor: Charles Bruce Fergusson

This is the fourth of five volumes of Perkins’s diaries published by the Society. “The blast of war with revolutionary France and her allies continued to blow during most of the period covered by this volume,” wrote C.B. Fergusson in his introduction. “It provides fascinating glimpses of the war at sea and particularly of the stirring exploits of privateersmen of Liverpool and other parts of Nova Scotia.”

Champlain XLIV – The Papers of the Palliser Expedition, 1857-1860 (Publication date: 1968):

Editor: Irene M. Spry

John Palliser, who was from a distinguished Irish family, had made several trips to the western regions of North America in search of adventure and “heavy game” before mounting the 1857 expedition as a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. Various parties over several seasons added considerably to the geographical knowledge of western Canada, and produced information essential to settlement and railway planning. Palliser’s own papers were destroyed in a fire. This volume gathered all known surviving papers related to the expedition.

Champlain XLV – Journal of a Voyage on the North West Coast of North America during the Years 1811, 1812, 1813 and 1814 (Publication date: 1969):

Author: Gabriel Franchére

Translator: Wessie Tipping Lamb

Editor: W. Kaye Lamb

This journal “is the most informative single record of the events at Astoria during the three years in which [the American] John Jacob Astor was endeavouring to establish a fur-trading depot at the mouth of the Columbia River,” according to the introduction by W. Kaye Lamb. The journal writer was a junior clerk at the depot. Translated from Franchére’s manuscript (a transcription of which is included), the journal provides an important historical perspective on the race to exploit the fur trade at the mouth of the Columbia, with Astor beating David Thompson of Montreal’s North West Company to the prize by mere months.

Champlain XLVI – The Journal of Major John Norton, 1816 (Publication date: 1970):

Author: John Norton

Editors: Carl F. Klinck, James J. Talman

The original manuscript is contained in two notebooks in the private collection of the Duke of Northumberland. The Journal has three parts: an account of a 1,000-mile journey from Upper Canada to the land of the Cherokee; an account of the Five Nations from an early period; and a further account of the Five Nations to the end of the War of 1812. Norton (Teyoninhokarawen) was the son of a Scottish mother and a Cherokee father, and an associate of Mohawk war chief Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea). A reprint was published in 2011, with a new introduction by Carl Benn.

Champlain XLVII – Telegrams of the North-West Campaign, 1885 (Publication date: 1972):

Editors: Desmond Morton, Reginald H. Roy

“The military aspects of the North-West Rebellion of 1885 have received little re-examination,” noted the editors. “Indeed, at a time when a vigorous programme of resurrecting the prestige of Louis Riel is under way, such an examination may be as unfashionable as it is overdue.” The documents are an edited collection of telegrams exchanged between the Minister of Militia and Defence and commanders, officers, contractors, and miscellaneous bystanders in the field, which are preserved in the Caron Papers in the Public Archives of Canada.

Champlain XLVIII – Customs of the American Indians Compared with the Customs of Primitive Times. Volume I (Publication date: 1974):

Author: Father Joseph Francois Lafitau

Translator and editor: William N. Fenton, Elizabeth L. Moore

With this volume, the Society satisfied a growing desire among scholars to have ready access to Lafitau’s classic Mouers des sauvages amériquains, a two-volume, 1,000-page study by the Jesuit priest first published in 1724. He served at the Jesuit mission at Caughnawaga from 1712 to 1717. The editors have employed the original 1724 edition for this English translation.

Champlain XLIX – Customs of the American Indians Compared with the Customs of Primitive Times. Volume II (Publication date: 1977):

Author: Father Joseph Francois Lafitau

Translators and editors: William N. Fenton, Elizabeth L. Moore

See Volume I for details on this translation

Champlain L – The Diary of Simeon Perkins, 1804-1812 (Publication date: 1978):

Author: Simeon Perkins

Editor: Charles Bruce Fergusson

This is the fifth volume of the diary of Simeon Perkins. It begins on January 1, 1804, and ends on April 13, 1812. Unfortunately, however, the diary for March 5, 1806, to November 30, 1809, has been lost. The three appendices in this volume contain letters of Simeon Perkins and entries in his diary for March 9, 1790, to April 15, 1790. Appendix I contains letters for 1765-66, and Appendix II contains letters for 1792-1807.

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General Series Published 1980-99

Champlain LI – Lord Minto’s Canadian Papers: Volume 1. A Selection of the Public and Private Papers of the Fourth Earl of Minto, 1898-1904 (Publication date: 1981):

Author: Gilbert John Murray Kynynmond Elliot

Editors: Paul Stevens, John T. Saywell

The first volume of the Canadian papers of the fourth Earl of Minto, Governor-General of Canada between 1898 and 1904.

Champlain LII – Documents Relating to the Great Awakening in Nova Scotia, 1760-1791 (Publication date: 1982):

Editor: Gordon T. Stewart

This volume follows the rise and decline of the 1770s religious revival in Nova Scotia led by Henry Alline. The main document in this collection, “The Records of the Church of Jebogue in Yarmouth”, is from the Public Archives of Nova Scotia and provides unusually complete details and historical context regarding the Revival and its aftermath. The introduction of this collection, written by the volume’s editor Gordon T. Stewart, provides the necessary background and context so that the historical documents that follow can be understood and appreciated in all of their rich detail. Careful attention is placed on the historical and cultural context of the environment in which the Revival took place, examining the influences of settlement distribution, economic influences on religious practices, and the tumultuous unrest occurring in the American colonies to the south.

Champlain LIII – Lord Minto’s Canadian Papers: A Selection of the Public and Private Papers of the Fourth Earl of Minto, 1898-1904. Volume II (Publication date: 1983):

Author: Gilbert John Murray Kynynmond Elliot

Editors: Paul Stevens, John T. Saywell

The second and final volume of the Canadian papers of the fourth Earl of Minto, Governor-General of Canada between 1898 and 1904, covers the period from January 1901 to Minto’s departure from Quebec City on the S.S. Tunisian on November 20, 1904.

Champlain LIV – The St. Lawrence Survey Journals of Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield, 1829-1853. Volume I (Publication date: 1984):

Author: Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield

Editor: Ruth McKenzie

Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield once expressed a wish to be known as “the surveyor of the Gulf and River St. Lawrence.” His journals of the St. Lawrence survey, collected in two volumes, show how that ambition was achieved. Bayfield’s journals, spanning the twenty-four-year period from July 20, 1829, to December 31, 1853, detail his life as he explored the waters in the St. Lawrence River and gulf harbours, bays, and coastlines surrounding the Atlantic Provinces. The first volume contains material from July 20, 1829, to April 4, 1836.

Champlain LV – The St. Lawrence Survey Journals of Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield, 1829-1853. Volume II (Publication date: 1986):

Author: Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield

Editor: Ruth McKenzie

The second volume of the journals of Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield’s St. Lawrence survey opens nearly five years after the close of Volume I, on April 4, 1836. The reason for this lapse of time in unknown, whether caused by accident during a surveying season or by loss of the journals after Bayfield’s death. It seems, however, that Bayfield never ceased to keep his daily record of activities. Volume II comprises the existing fourth, fifth, and sixth journals, from the January 1, 1841, through December 1853. Several pages are missing at the beginning of the fifth journal, which originally began on July 17, 1845, but now opens on September 23.

Champlain LVI – The Journal of Alexander Henry the Younger, 1799-1814. Volume I (Publication date: 1988)

Author: Alexander Henry

Editor: Barry M. Gough

ISBN: 0-9693425-0-0

This work redresses the omissions and inaccuracies of previously published versions of Henry’s journal, which totals 1,642 pages in the original manuscript in the National Archives of Canada. “Henry the Younger” was a nephew of trader Alexander Henry, with whom he was a shareholder in the North West Company in the 1790s. His journal is one of the best early nineteenth-century records of the fur trade as practiced in the enormous territory between Lake Superior and the mouth of the Columbia River, and is also valued for its native ethnography. Volume I covers 1799-1808.

Champlain LVII – The Journal of Alexander Henry the Younger, 1799-1814. Volume II (Publication date: 1992):

Author: Alexander Henry

Editor: Barry M. Gough

ISBN: 0-9693425-1-9

See Volume I for details. Volume II covers The Saskatchewan and Columbia Rivers, 1808-14.

Champlain LVIII – Selected Correspondence of the Glasgow Colonial Society, 1825-1840 (Publication date: 1994):

Editors: Elizabeth Ann Kerr McDougall, John S. Moir

ISBN: 0-9693425-2-7

Recognizing the value of the Glasgow Colonial Society papers to the study of Canadian social history, the Champlain Society undertook the task of compiling, transcribing, and editing the letters for publication. The letters have been organized into separate sections for the Maritimes and the Canadas because of the differing circumstances of the two regions. The letters reproduced in this volume have been selected on the basis of their value for the study of nineteenth-century Canadian history, because they reflect the experience and impression of life in the colonies during the most formative decade-and-a-half of their development. A considerable portion of the correspondence, especially that originating in Scotland, was of a routine and administrative nature; such materials have been deliberately omitted.

Champlain LIX – Sir John Franklin’s Journals and Correspondence: The First Arctic Land Expedition, 1819-1822 (Publication date: 1995):

Author: Sir John Franklin

Editor: Richard C. Davis

ISBN: 0-9693425-4-3

Richard C. Davis compiled nearly complete transcriptions of the extant journals kept by Franklin during his 1819-22 expedition to the unknown northern coast of North America, to the east of the Coppermine River mouth. Only a few abstracts and tables of observation were excluded, which are mostly available in Franklin’s Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the Years 1819, 1820, 1821, and 1822. Includes selected correspondence written during the preparation for and execution of this, Franklin’s first land expedition.

Champlain LX – Reminiscences of James P. Howley: Selected Years (Publication date: 1997):

Author: James P. Howley

Editors: William J. Kirwin, G.M. Story, Patrick A. O’Flaherty

Introduction: Patrick A. O’Flaherty

ISBN: 0-9693425-8-6

Howley was director of the Geological Survey of Newfoundland, and spent more than forty years, from 1868 to 1911, exploring and surveying the future province. Howley’s interests extended beyond geology to the origins of Newfoundland place names as well as the Beothuk, and he did much to identify and study sites of this vanished people. This volume contains selected years from the massive manuscript of his reminiscences.

Champlain LXI – Sir John Franklin’s Journals and Correspondence: The Second Arctic Land Expedition, 1825-1827 (Publication date: 1998):

Author: Sir John Franklin

Editor: Richard C. Davis

ISBN: 0-9693425-9-4

Contains the journals kept by Sir John Franklin during the planning and execution of his 1825-27 Arctic land expedition, as well as selected correspondence. On this follow-up to the 1819-22 expedition, Franklin was to explore the northern coast of North America west of the Coppermine River mouth to help locate the Northwest Passage. Examination of the Society’s volume on the first Franklin overland expedition (General Series, LIX) is recommended in order to appreciate the events, planning, and logistics of the second.

Champlain LXII – Moravians in Upper Canada: The Diary of the Indian Mission of Fairfield on the Thames, 1792-1813 (Publication date: 1999):

Translator and Editor: Linda Sabathy-Judd

ISBN: 0-9693425-8-6

The diary is the official record of the Moravian mission at Fairfield in western Upper Canada. It was founded in 1792 by six Moravian missionaries and 150 Delaware natives who had been driven out of their lands in the United States. The settlement continued until American troops burned it down during the War of 1812. As a record of the early history of Upper Canada, “it is a work with few competitors,” wrote editor Linda Sabathy-Judd, who translated the text from the original German.

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General Series Published 2000-Present

Champlain LXIII – Letters from the 49th Parallel, 1857-1873: Selected Correspondence of Joseph Harris and Samuel Anderson (Publication date: 2000):

Authors: Joseph Harris, Samuel Anderson

Editor: C. Ian Jackson

Appendix: Louis M. Sebert

ISBN: 0-9693425-8-6

This volume makes clear how the Boundary Survey field teams struggled to fix the international border between Canada and the United States along the 49th Parallel, running west from Lake of the Woods to the Pacific Ocean. The volume employs letters written to their respective families by participants on either side of the binational undertaking. Both were “assistants” in their country’s field staffs. Joseph Harris was an American in the field from 1857 to 1861, while Samuel Anderson was a Canadian who participated in the first phase of the survey between 1859 and 1862.

Champlain LXIV – The “Great Swivel Link”: Canada’s Welland Canal (Publication date: 2001):

Editors: Roberta M. Styran, Robert R. Taylor

ISBN: 0-9689317-0-7

Through a lengthy introductory essay and contemporary documents, the editors tell the multistage story of the Welland Canals. Built to bypass Niagara Falls and link Lake Ontario with Erie and the Upper Great Lakes, the final version would become a crucial part of the St. Lawrence Seaway system for international shipping. The volume appropriately uses the plural “canals,” as it relates the evolution of four different ones between 1829 and 1930, as well as the Feeder Canal. Suggested canal routes predating the actual canals are discussed, through proposals made as early as 1707.

Champlain LXV – “The Rising Country”: The Hale-Amherst Correspondence, 1799-1825 (Publication date: 2002):

Authors: William Pitt Amherst, Elizabeth Frances Hale

Editors: Roger Hall, S.W. Shelton

ISBN: 0-9689317-1-5

A quarter-century of correspondence between Elizebeth Hale with her brother, William Pitt Amherst, captured Hale’s life as a fixture of the British establishment in Lower Canada, where her husband rose to the post of Receiver General. The letters, according to the editors, “form a unique record of most unusual and cultivated newcomers to Canada, a privileged family that is at first launched on something of a speculative socio-economic sojourn to a colony, which, with the passage of time and circumstance, becomes converted to a necessary stay and then a committed one.”

Champlain LXVI – The Donnelly Documents: An Ontario Vendetta (Publication date: 2004):

Editor: James C. Reaney

ISBN: 0-9689317-2-3

The climactic event in the infamous drama of the Donnellys of Biddulph Township occurred about midnight on February 4, 1880, when “… a body of men, blackened and masked, entered the dwelling of the somewhat notorious Donnelly family and murdered the inmates: the father, mother, one son, and a girl, a niece.” This newspaper report from Lucan went on to add some significant details: a “small boy named Connor took refuge under the bed, and escaped unhurt”; the “maskers” then set fire to the house, which “together with the murdered bodies, was totally consumed”; another son, John, living some three miles away, “was called to his door about the same hour and shot. He is also dead.” This terse summary of the principal events of that dark night concluded with the comment, the “township is wild with excitement.”

Champlain LXVII – Travels Around Great Slave Lake and Great Bear Lakes, 1862-1882 (Publication date: 2005):

Author: Emile Petitot

Translators and Editors: Paul Laverdure, Jacqueline Moir, John S. Moir

ISBN: 0-9689317-3-1

The Oblate missionary’s twenty years in Canada’s western Arctic are revealed through this selection from his own writings, which totaled five published autobiographical volumes and numerous articles. Petitot was burdened by physical torment and mental instability, and his opinions on native peoples remain controversial, but he was a keen observer as well as a linguist and a cartographer. The editors concluded that he was “at least a minor Renaissance man whose contribution to our knowledge of Canada’s western Arctic deserves recognition despite his very human personal frailties and faults.”

Champlain LXVIII – Letters of Adam Hope, 1834-1845 (Publication date: 2007):

Author: Adam Hope

Editor: Adam Crerar

ISBN: 978-0-9689317-4-5

In the spring of 1834, a young Scotsman surveyed the scene from the deck of a ship in Liverpool harbour that was bound for New York. In a subsequent description of that moment he wrote with dramatic flair about the “vast concourse of spectators” that had been on hand to “witness [his] departure from the Western World” to “seek a home in a strange land.” “My part,“ the man continued, “was easily enacted” – to stand on a barrel with his hands in his pockets, while “viewing the scene with mingled feelings of sorrow and pleasure.” But the romantic reverie of the lone figure heading off into the unknown was suddenly broken by the sound of his own name rising from that crowd of anonymous faces. A cousin, unexpectedly on the quay, was calling out to him just as a steamer began to tug the ship down the Mersey to “the open Sea.”

We know about this episode because it is described in the first of sixty-six surviving letters that the writer, Adam Hope, sent to his father in Scotland over the next eleven years. These letters, vivid and detailed, trace Hope’s passage across the Atlantic and efforts to settle in Upper Canada, which in the mid-1830s was still a series of largely stump-ridden and loosely connected communities stretched out along the north shore of the lower Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River. Hope worked to establish himself, stay in touch with his family, and understand the society in which he now lived. These were straightforward goals common to most immigrants to the colony, but in the record of Hope’s experience we benefit enormously from the impressive thoroughness and thoughtfulness of the narrator. Totaling approximately 200,000 words, this collection of letters represents one of the single richest accounts of Upper Canada in the 1830s and 1840s and touches tellingly on aspects of colonial politics, religion, society, economics, and communications.

Champlain LXIX – The Meaning of Life: The Scientific and Social Experiences of Everitt and Robert Murray, 1930-1964 (Publication date: 2008):

Authors: Everitt G.D. Murray, Robert G. Murray

Editors: Donald H. Avery, Mark Eaton

ISBN: 978-0-9810506-0-7

This volume sheds light on a somewhat neglected aspect of Canadian history — the role of the medical and scientific communities in this country during the twentieth century. The focus is on the correspondence of two of Canada’s most distinguished microbiologists, Everitt G.D. Murray (1890-1964), formerly at McGill University, and his son Robert G. Murray (1919 — ), professor emeritus of the University of Western Ontario. Their collective careers span over eighty years in the disciplines of bacteriology (microbiology) and immunology in a time of great development both in Canada and internationally.

Champlain LXX – The Papers of Harry Cassidy and Beatrice Pearce: The Courtship Years, 1917-1925 (Publication date: 2009):

Authors: Harry Cassidy, Beatrice Pearce

Editor: Keith Walden

ISBN: 978-0-9810506-0-7

Harry Cassidy and Beatrice Pearce met as students at the University of British Columbia shortly after the First World War. Harry, who had served overseas in the conflict, began dating Bea while he was anguishing over another failing romantic relationship, but he soon realized that his new “chum”, a member of the first university-trained nursing class in Canada, was a much better match. Over the next half-dozen years, as Harry completed his degree at U.B.C. and went on to graduate study in California and Washington, D.C., and as Beatrice completed her training and began work as a public health nurse in Victoria, their attachment was sustained and strengthened by an extensive correspondence which, when they were apart, kept them abreast of each other’s daily doings and helped them to explore their deeper feelings for each other. In 1925, they wed.

Through Harry’s diaries and through the letters exchanged between the young couple, this volume charts the evolution of their courtship, illuminating the different stages of their growing commitment and their negotiation of terms upon which matrimony was possible. It documents their transformation into middle-class professionals, eager to play their parts in making the world a better place. Harry’s journey from lowly private in the trenches of France to sophisticated scholar at home in the company of Washington’s elite, from rural conservative to left-wing progressive, is particularly dramatic, but Bea’s maturation as a daughter preparing to leave home and as a nurse ready to take up serious responsibilities is no less significant. Perhaps most importantly, the volume demonstrates how these larger processes intersected with day-to-day concerns that marked one of the most transformative periods of the twentieth century.

Champlain LXXI – Samuel de Champlain before 1604: Des Sauvages and Other Documents Related to the Period (Publication date: 2010):

Author: Samuel de Champlain

Editors: Conrad E. Heidenreich, K. Janet Ritch

ISBN: 978-0-7735-3756-9

More than four centuries ago, Samuel de Champlain wrote the first of four books that describe his outstanding contributions to the development of Canada. The Champlain Society celebrated this anniversary with the publication of a new English edition of the collated text of Des Sauvages, with previously unpublished documents regarding Champlain’s life, and essays by two leading experts that offer new interpretations on Champlain and the language he used to record his adventures.

Champlain LXXII – The Journal of Major John Norton, 1816. Second edition (Publication date: 2011):

Author: Major John Norton (Teyoninhokarawen)

Editors: Carl F. Klinck, James J. Talman

Introduction: Carl Benn

ISBN: 978-0-9810506-3-8

The original manuscript is contained in two notebooks in the private collection of the Duke of Northumberland. The Journal has three parts: an account of a 1,000-mile journey from Upper Canada to the land of the Cherokee; an account of the Five Nations from an early period; and a further account of the Five Nations to the end of the War of 1812. Norton (Teyoninhokarawen) was the son of a Scottish mother and a Cherokee father, and an associate of Mohawk war chief Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea).

Champlain LXXIII – Pierre-Esprit Radisson. The Collected Writings. Volume I: The Voyages (Publication date: 2012):

Author: Pierre-Esprit Radisson

Editor: Germaine Warkentin

ISBN: 978-0-7735-4101-6

The writings of Pierre-Esprit Radisson (c. 1640-1710) constitute vital primary sources for Iroquois, Huron, and other aboriginal cultures in the seventeenth century. They furnish our first written record of the area around Lake Superior, and in the late seventeenth century they provided critical support for the English case in the debate with France over territorial rights in Hudson Bay.

The Collected Writings of Pierre-Esprit Radisson is the first critical edition of Radisson’s texts. The scribal manuscript of the first four voyages, once owned by Samuel Pepys, is the basis of Volume I, chronicling in Radisson’s very Francophone English his adventures and explorations in Canada from 1651 to 1660. A specially-commissioned essay by Dr Heidi Bohaker discusses Radisson’s relationship with the aboriginal peoples he described in such detail.

Volume II, forthcoming in 2014, will provide a new text of the two “Port Nelson Relations” of 1682-84, based on the scribal manuscript at Windsor Castle discovered in 1996 by the family genealogist, Dr Jean Radisson.

Champlain LXXIV – O.D. Skelton: The Work of the World, 1923-1941 (Publication date: 2013):

Author: O.D. Skelton

Editor: Norman Hillmer and Roger Hall

ISBN: 978-0-7735-4273-0

During the years between the world wars and into the Second World War, O.D. Skelton was the chief foreign policy advisor to Canada’s prime ministers and a lonely advocate for the country’s “out and out” independence from Great Britain. Norman Hillmer’s edition of Skelton’s powerful and eloquent writings on international affairs illuminates his work and his world – co-operating and clashing with Prime Ministers Mackenzie King and R.B. Bennett in an attempt to keep Canada in the international arena and at the same time away from its troubles; maneuvering at imperial conferences in London and at League of Nations meetings in Geneva; systematically building up the Department of External Affairs and the Canadian diplomatic service as instruments of a distinctive national interest; confronting the Manchurian, Ethiopian, and Czech crises of the 1930s; aligning himself with senior francophone politicians such as Raoul Dandurand and Ernest Lapointe; watching in despair as the devils broke loose in Europe and Asia and continents descended into war; and, after the fall of France, moving away from his Canada First views about the Second World War to a realization of the importance of the fight for freedom abroad. The first in-depth treatment of Skelton’s foreign policy ideas, preoccupations, and contributions, The Work of the World provides scholarly commentaries on his letters and memoranda, as well as an extensive account of a passionate life and career that was cut short by his cruel death in early 1941.

Norman Hillmer is Professor of History and International Affairs at Carleton University. He is the co-author of Canada’s International Policies and of Empire to Umpire: Canada and the World into the Twentieth-First Century.

Champlain LXXV – Pierre-Esprit Radisson, The Collected Writings, Volume 2: The Port Nelson Relations, Miscellaneous Writings, and Related Documents (Publication date: 2014):

Author: Pierre-Esprit Radisson

Editor: Germaine Warkentin

ISBN: 978-0-7735-4438-3

In volume 1 of Pierre-Esprit Radisson’s Collected Writings we saw the explorer in the familiar North American wilderness setting where readers have usually encountered him. But the Voyages concludes in London, with the legendary arrival at court in 1666 of Radisson and his brother-in-law Médard Chouart Des Groseilliers, after which, except for about five years on Hudson Bay and some months in the Caribbean, Radisson seemingly never left Europe. In 1666 the two explorers offered Charles II a golden opportunity for the English to enter the profitable fur trade of Canada, a trade that had been inaccessible to them because the route to the interior via the St Lawrence was controlled by the French. The founding of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1670 looms large in the history of Canada, but it was a small operation compared with another great enterprise of the time, the East India Company. The HBC, however, would have a major effect on the territorial organization of North America, for it held control over an immense property.

Champlain LXXVI – ‘Another World': William Ord Mackenzie’s Sojourn In The Canadas, 1839-1843 (Publication date: 2015):

Author: William Ord Mackenzie

Editor: Sandra Alston

ISBN: 978-1-4875-2025-0

William Ord Mackenzie, a recently graduated British army surgeon, describes for his friends and family back home his life in his first posting to ‘another world’: the Canadas, in the period just after the Rebellions. Opinionated, frank, sometimes arrogant and prejudiced, but always curious, Mackenzie details for his readers the social and political affairs of the colonies over five years. He serves in the major cities―Toronto, Kingston, Montreal and Quebec―and witnesses cultural events, social affairs, sports, and theatrical performances. He is also posted to smaller garrisons―Rivière-du-Loup, Chambly and the frontier post of Fort Ingall near the American border, and writes, sometimes despairingly, about their conditions.

As a well-connected Scot, Mackenzie has entrée into the highest society of the colony, dining with lieutenant-governors, prominent businessmen, writers and politicians, but he also finds himself in the homes of ordinary Canadians in rural settings, enjoying the dances, weddings, sleighing and snowshoeing that helped to alleviate the boredom of service in a peacetime army. Politics, food, natural history, geography, the weather, local gossip and pretty girls all form part of his journals, as does a detailed account of his reading, in newspapers, journals and books.

Illustrated with pen-and-ink drawings and detailed maps and sketches of cities and army posts, this little-known journal makes a remarkable contribution to our understanding of a young country―Canada in embryo following a time of grave troubles. It explores a place slowly and painfully healing from the conflict and divisions brought by rebellion but preparing to take the first shaky and uncertain steps towards a truly united nation.

Champlain LXXVII – “Do What You Must”: Selected Editorials from Le Devoir under Henri Bourassa, 1910-1932 (Publication date: 2016):

Editor: Pierre Anctil and Tonu Onu

ISBN: 978-1-4875-0187-7

Le Devoir was founded in 1910 by Henri Bourassa (1868–1952), one of the foremost political minds of twentieth-century Canada. Grandson of Louis-Joseph Papineau and heir to a long tradition of community involvement, Bourassa was first elected to the House of Commons in 1896, just as Wilfrid Laurier was forming his first government. Disagreements over the part played by Canada in the Boer Wars, and the country’s uncritical allegiance to British imperialism, led Bourassa to leave the Liberal Party and openly promote his own ideas, centring on Canadian and French-Canadian nationalism. Very rapidly, Le Devoir became an influential French-language paper. Its popularity culminated in 1917, when Bourassa denounced conscription for service in Europe.

Based on a study of the 6,700 editorials published in Le Devoir during the Henri Bourassa years (1910–32), ‘Do What You Must’ seeks to outline the ideological positions defended by Bourassa as French-Canadian nationalism was emerging for the first time in full force. During these two decades, Le Devoir was instrumental in defining the place of French speakers in Canada and in spelling out their aspirations as a separate people within the federation. The book is an anthology of sixty of the most significant editorials, translated into English, each situated in its historical context by the editor. Examined together, the editorials offer a global picture of the evolution of French Canada at a crucial time in its history. They also paint a clear image of the tensions that emerged between Francophone and Anglophone Canada shortly after the signing of Confederation and at the turn of the twentieth century.

Pierre Anctil is professor of history at the University of Ottawa. He has published numerous works on the Jewish community of Montréal, Yiddish literature, and the history of immigration to Canada.

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